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How to pronounce "iproniazid"?


What is the definition of iproniazid?

  • Iproniazid is a drug that belongs to the class of monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). It was originally used as an antidepressant medication, but it is no longer widely used in clinical practice.

What is the brand name for iproniazid?

  • Iproniazid was marketed under the brand name Marsilid.

What is the mechanism of action of iproniazid?

  • Iproniazid works by inhibiting the enzyme monoamine oxidase, which increases the levels of neurotransmitters such as norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin in the brain. This leads to an improvement in mood and a reduction in depressive symptoms.

What are the side effects of iproniazid?

  • The side effects of iproniazid may include drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation, weight gain, sexual dysfunction, and low blood pressure. It can also interact with certain medications and foods, leading to serious complications such as serotonin syndrome.

Is iproniazid still used as an antidepressant?

  • No, iproniazid is no longer widely used as an antidepressant. Its use has declined due to the availability of newer and safer antidepressant medications. It is now primarily used in research settings.

What are the alternatives to iproniazid for treating depression?

  • There are several alternative medications available for treating depression, including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), and atypical antidepressants.

Can iproniazid be used for other conditions?

  • Iproniazid is primarily used for depression and is not approved for the treatment of other conditions. However, it has been studied for its potential therapeutic effects in conditions such as Parkinson's disease and narcolepsy.

What precautions should be taken while using iproniazid?

  • Before using iproniazid, it is important to inform your healthcare provider about any other medications, supplements, or herbal products you are taking. It is also crucial to avoid consuming foods and beverages that contain high levels of tyramine, as this can lead to a dangerous increase in blood pressure.

Does iproniazid have any drug interactions?

  • Yes, iproniazid can interact with certain medications, such as other antidepressants, antihypertensive drugs, and medications that increase serotonin levels. These interactions can result in serotonin syndrome, a potentially life-threatening condition.

Is iproniazid addictive?

  • Iproniazid itself is not considered addictive. However, like other antidepressant medications, it should be taken as prescribed and under the supervision of a healthcare provider.